OVERVIEW OF THE KNEE – by Southampton Physiotherapist – Phil Coleman

The Knee

Written for YOU Massage & Therapy Centre Southampton by Physiotherapist Phil Coleman

southampton knee physioThe knee joint is a modified hinge joint, meaning that it flexes (bends) and extends (straightens) but also has a small degree of rotation.  Its stability is largely provided by ligaments such as the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments (ACL and PCL) and the medial and lateral ligaments. The knee’s movements are provided mainly by the quadriceps at the front of the thigh (knee extensors) and the hamstrings and calf complex behind (knee flexors).  The knees also have soft cartilage pads (the menisci) shaped like moon crescents on the medial and lateral aspect.  These act as shock absorbs and give knees greater stability.

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Lower Back Pain

Lower back pain can be caused by any number of things. In this article I will be focusing on what I see most commonly with my clients, which is postural/environmental resulting in muscle imbalances.

 

Let me start by explaining what I mean by postural/environmental and what a muscle imbalance is.

In general, as a society we spend a lot of our day sitting. Whether this is at a desk or in a car, train or plane. In fact in western civilisation we sit on average 23 hours a day. Continue reading

Ideas to reduce the risk of injury whilst running

This list has been compiled by Southampton Physiotherapist and running expert, Phil at YOU Massage Southampton

Running on hard services increases the risk of injury. Research does not show a strong link, but it’s probably best to run on a variety of surfaces as this varies the loading pattern.

Here are some more Ideas to reduce the risk of injury

  • Have a training strategy!
  • Increase volume no more than 10% a week
  • Never increase intensity and volume simultaneously
  • Your longest run should be less than half your total weekly mileage
  • Sleep well – this is when the body recovers.
  • Good nutrition. It is now thought that distance runners need higher levels of protein to ensure recovery. Also, vitamin C has an affinity to collagen and so may aid tendon repair.  Runners are commonly found to be low in iron and vitamin D, essential for tissue repair and performance.
  • Strength training. There’s growing evidence (more than stretching!) that exercises such as squats, lunges and calf raises can protect against injury.
  • The ideal cadence, or step rate, is thought to be 170 – 190 per minute. If your cadence is less than 170 you could be over striding, increasing the stress on the body.  Simply by shortening your stride slightly can help.  Over striders tend to be noisy on their feet and heel strikers.  Some GPS watches show cadence.
  • Know when not to run. Try the hop test – you should be able to hop quickly on each leg x 20 times with no pain to run.  Increasing pain when running, increased pain the next day, pain above 5/10 and running with a limp are indicators that you should not run and be checked.

Performance Indicators

Below is mainly from Frank Horwill, the late and great running coach.

  • Marathon potential is 5 x 10K time minus 10 minutes
  • All distances are connected – to run a good marathon you need to run a good 10K, to run a good 10K you need to run a good 5K, need to run a good mile, need to run a good 400m. Therefore training should reflect this with multi-paced runs. https://www.runnersworld.co.uk/rws-training-pace-calculator  is a link which explains the different paces and can auto calculate your paces.
  • Frank Horwill described the 4 second rule – for example, if your best 400m time is 60 seconds, your best possible 800m is 2:08 (64+64). For 1500, add another 4 seconds per lap, and so on. So everything is based on your best 400m time.
  • Optimum training mileage for a marathon is thought to be 70 miles a week. Although Mo Farah does 120 a week but then he’s a full time athlete

Book in to see a Runners Physio for your optimum health report and guidance for injury prevention, Book online today, follow this link >

Reducing Running Injuries

RUNNING INJURIES AND PERFORMANCE

By Southampton Physiotherapist, Phil Coleman

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I have been a club runner for 35 years, competing on road, cross country and track.   I am a physiotherapist with a specialist interest in running and I have no injuries and my knees are perfect (thought I would get that one out of the way!)  I have contributed to magazine articles such as Why Cheetahs Don’t Stretch in Frontline and Power up Your Hamstrings in Athletics Weekly.

Running injuries are very common, but rarely serious, with up to 80% getting injured every year.  Running can be stressful on the body with impact forces of 2.5 times body weight with every step. This increases further with fast and downhill running.  The body takes time to adapt to this stress. New comers to running are more prone to injury than experienced runners. Continue reading

What Therapy should I book?

Plenty of people feel confused about where to turn to when they have pain. With so many choices available it’s important to know who’s who and what they can do.  Health and safety Executive (2016/17) states that 507,000 workers suffered from work-related musculoskeletal disorders and 45% of the disorders were from upper limbs or neck. Millions of work days are lost per year due to injuries.

Each therapist is unique, and the education varies between different practitioners. But most importantly their main goal is to ensure you are living your life to the fullest pain free. Different types of treatments suit different people and depending on your condition it’s important to find the most suited professional for your needs.

Chiropractic

Chiropractic care – you either love or hate it. In history they’ve been known as bone crackers and this can create some unease for people who haven’t tried it before.

Although they are defined as Neuromuscular specialists the scope of practice is classified as an ‘alternative medicine’. To become a chiropractor in the UK, 5 years of training is required before practising. There is emphasis on treatment and prevention of mechanical disorders, manual therapy and adjustments are used. There is a large focus on the function of the spine and the neuromuscular system of the body.

Types of treatment:

Rehab, massage, X-rays, ultrasound, and different manual techniques.

Common conditions that are treated:

Sciatica, migraines, herniated disk, chronic pain, neck and back pain.

Osteopathy

Osteopathy was introduced in America before Chiropractic, there have been stories that the inventor of Chiropractic stole his theory. Now there is still some questions about the differences.

Osteopathy is also classed as an ‘alternative medicine’ and 4 years of education is needed before practising. Osteopathy treatment aims at preventing mechanical disorders by moving, stretching, and massaging a patient’s muscles and joints. A person’s wellbeing depends on the health of the individual’s bones, muscles, ligaments and connective tissue functioning smoothly together.

Types of treatment:

Dry needling, soft tissue and articulation techniques.

Common conditions that are treated:

Arthritis, digestive problems, tennis elbow, neck and back pain.

Osteopathy is offered at our studio in Bedford Place, Southampton.

Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy aims at treating disease, injury, or deformity by using massage, exercise, and heat treatment without using drugs or surgery. There is a large emphasis on movement and increasing mobility in the joints to prevent further injury.

It’s most commonly practised within the NHS but also in private care. Minimal training required is 3 years, but some may extend their education further within a specific field. It’s a science-based therapy which treats neurological, neuromuscular, cardiovascular, and respiratory conditions.

Types of treatment: Movement and exercise, manual therapy, education and advice.

Common conditions that are treated: Sport injuries, stroke, Parkinson’s, chronic heart disease, and asthma.

We welcome Philip to the team of YOU Massage Therapy offering Physiotherapy, appointments available for Physiotherapy in Southampton NOW. Book online or call 02380 639747

Massage therapy

Massage therapy aims at enhancing a person’s wellbeing with manual manipulation of soft tissues of the body, including muscles, tendons, ligaments, and connective tissue. There are several different types of massage treatments available, but the two main groups are:

Rehabilitative massage: Sports massage, Deep tissue, medical, therapeutic or clinical massage.

Relaxation massage: Swedish massage, holistic massage, and reflexology.

The main purpose of massage is to relieve stress and tension from the body and mind. There are a lot of choices of massage, it’s important to find the type that suites you. Trigger points and soft tissue techniques are used to relieve pain and stress within the muscles.

Types of treatment:

Lymphatic drainage, Reiki, Myo-fascial, aromatherapy, and Thai massage.

Common conditions treated:

Headaches, frozen shoulder, strains and sprains, muscular pain, and tendinitis.

Self-Massage Techniques to Target Tight Fascia, Adhesions and Scar Tissue

YOU Massage Therapy Southampton Therapist, Will Bartlett, describes some self massage techniques to help release tight fascia and break down scar tissue and adhesions

Will will be running a Self Massage Workshop at YOU Massage Therapy, Southampton on Sunday 13th May 2018, 13:30. Call 02380 639747 to reserve your place.

Myofascial release is a technique used in sports & remedial massage in which a practitioner uses gentle, sustained pressure on the soft tissues while applying traction to the fascia. This technique results in softening and lengthening (release) of of the fascia and breaking down scar tissue or adhesions between skin, muscle and bones.

The superficial fascia is a soft connective tissue located just below the skin. It wraps and connects the muscles, bones, nerves and blood vessels of the body. Together, muscle and fascia make up what is called the myofascia system. For various reasons including disuse, overuse, not enough stretching, or injuries, the fascia and the underlying muscle tissue can become stuck together. This is called an adhesion and it may cause a restriction in muscle movement. It also causes pain, soreness and reduced flexibility or range of motion.

You can read more about Myofacial release in one of our earlier blogs. For more information about the Fascia, take a look at our blog entitled Fascinating Facts of Fascia.

Myofascial release has also been shown to relieve various muscle and joint pains and it also improves flexibility and range of motion. Foam rollers offer many of the same benefits as sports massage. Foam rollers are inexpensive and with a bit of experimentation you can target just about any muscle group yourself. Continue reading

Introducing New YOU Massage Southampton Therapist, Annalise Jannetta

southampton holistic massage therapist annaliseMassage Therapy is both a Profession and a Personal Passion for Annalise

Welcome my name is Annalise Jannetta I am quite new at You Massage Therapy, Southampton and would like to introduce myself and share a small part of my story  – Massage Therapy is both my profession and my personal passion.

I enjoyed hours of dance classes as a child progressing to 3 years of professional training at Dance College in London. During my training I acquired injuries – broken toes, achilleic tendonitis, torn hamstring, Meniscus Knee, a slipped disk, torn ligaments in my lower back, trapped nerves in my neck and finally a broken shoulder…. Continue reading

Introducing Will, Sports Massage Therapist at YOU Massage Therapy Southampton

Will has a Wealth of Experience in Massage and Sports Therapies and offers Tailored Treatments for You

Hello, my name is Will and I’ve been at You Massage Therapy, Southampton for about six months. I’m also the founder and owner of CORRECTIONS Massage & Fitness

I am a qualified Sports and Remedial Massage Therapist, Personal Trainer, TPI Certified Fitness Professional Level 2, Golf Fitness Specialist, Gym Instructor and I’m certified in Tool Assisted Massage with the EDGE Tool. With over 15 years of experience through my work with amateur sports teams, clinical based treatments and in gym environments, I have extensive understanding and experience of the movements, stresses and strains we put on our bodies and how best to alleviate them.

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Buy one Get one HALF PRICE on 60 minute Deep Tissue and Sports Massage this month (Feb 2018)

I am a member of the International Institute of Health and Holistic Therapies (IIHHT), Titleist Performance Institute, The International Institute of Sports Therapy (IIST), Independent Professional Therapists International (IPTI) and The National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM).  In addition I have internationally recognised qualifications in Personal Training (PTICPT) and Gym Instruction (PTICGI) from Premier Training International and have a Golf Fitness Specialist certification from the National Academy of Sports Medicine.

I incorporate functional and correctional exercises into my aftercare and use various techniques including Sports Massage, Remedial Massage, Myofascial Release, Deep Tissue Massage, Tool Assissted Myofascial Release, Muscle Release &

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Sports Therapy at You Massage Southamptpn

A group Sports Therapy class in Southampton

A group Sports Therapy class in Southampton is tailored for you

Join a Sports Therapy Class or personal training session at You Massage

Whether you are recovering from injury, have been away from exercise or you have been experiencing back pain for a prolonged period; you may get a significant benefit from doing some exercises to strengthen and stretch your body, the current advised guidelines recommend:

“ACSM’s overall recommendation is for most adults to engage in at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise each week. Source >

Why should you exercise?

Doing exercise helps the metabolism speed up and boosts weight loss, which can reduce strain on the joints therefore meaning you could experience less joint pain…. Continue reading

Five Benefits Of Massage Therapy – Injury Management And Prevention For Seniors

Five Benefits Of Massage Therapy – Injury Management And Prevention For Seniors

Written for YOU Massage Therapy, Southampton by guest author, Marc Innes, Owner and Principal of the School of Natural Therapies

Whether you are an athlete, a senior citizen, someone who went through surgery, or a simply a regular Jane or Joe, you will find massages beneficial and enjoyable. In general, massages help reduce stress levels and lessen the effects of depression, anxiety and digestion problems. It can improve blood flow, as well as the immune and nervous systems.

As people age, the body becomes increasingly frail and movements slower. Geriatric massages are specifically designed to meet the needs of the elderly. The process involves using the hands to work on the muscles, soft tissues and joints in the body.

Massaging the body enhances blood circulation, increases range of movement, and relieves pain caused by chronic ailments such as arthritis, Parkinson’s, stroke or heart disease. It also helps reduce the chances of injury.

Here are some of the benefits of deep tissue massage therapy for the elderly.

1. Improves blood circulation

Getting the blood to flow to the various parts of the body becomes more difficult as a person ages. Massages counter the effect of aging by improving the circulation of blood around the body.

2. Enhances balance and gait

One common concern when it comes to seniors is getting into accidents and falling. As people grow older, their bones become weaker and more fragile. A massage helps improve the blood circulation to the limbs and the person’s sense of balance. This reduces the chances of falling.

3. Softens the muscles and tissues

Muscles and tissues harden over time due to lack of activity. Massages improve the blood flow to muscles and tissues, reducing the tension in the body. As a result, the muscles and tissues soften.

A deep massage helps reduce stiffness and pain on the joints around the hip, shoulder and knees.

The body’s muscles and joints also become more flexible after a massage, enabling a wider range of movement. This offers the elderly a chance to function more regularly and perform daily tasks.

4. Relieves symptoms of arthritis

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